Goldfish can be a medium-maintenance and rewarding pet. The key to ensuring they have a healthy and happy life is to feed them properly with the right types and amount of foods. However, many beginners don’t know exactly whether they can include tropical fish food in the diet of their goldfish. Keep reading this post to get the answer and learn more about preparing a good diet for your goldfish.
What should be included in a typical diet for goldfish?
Goldfish are omnivores, meaning that they will eat both plants and meats. Thus, there is a variety of food options to feed them, and it could be overwhelming when you see all of them in a pet store. To ensure a healthy and balanced diet for your goldfish, you should include the following types of food:
a) Dry food
Often available in pellets or flakes, this is the most common food options for goldfish. These products are quite healthy but don’t actually provide all of the essential nutrients. Thus, you should mix them with different types to meet your fish’s nutritional requirements.
b) Live food
Live foods include brine shrimp, daphnia, bloodworms, or earthworms. These are great sources of protein for your fish. Keep in mind to buy these products from the local pet stores instead of searching in ponds or lakes to minimise the risks of transmitting diseases.
c) Veggies and fruits
Veggies and fruits are vital components of your fish’s diet since they are low in fat and provide a lot of protein. Some common options for your goldfish include apples, broccoli, lettuce, and peas. Make sure to soften, dice, cut, or peel them before feeding.
Can goldfish eat tropical fish food?
The answer is yes. As said above, goldfish are omnivorous and can eat a variety of foods, including most options for tropical fish. However, it isn’t recommended to feed your goldfish any types of food other than those specially made for them due to many reasons.
Firstly, goldfish food often contains more carbohydrates and less protein to meet their nutritional needs. This means feeding your goldfish with something that is very protein and fat-intensive like tropical fish food won’t give the right kinds and amount of nutrition to grow and thrive in the long term.
So if you run out of goldfish food and can’t find replacements, then tropical fish food can be an acceptable alternative for a few days. But when you want them to thrive for coming years, then it’s better to stick to the right diet.
Another reason why you shouldn’t feed tropical fish food for your goldfish comes from the difference in their living conditions. Goldfish belongs to the freshwater species and often prefer cool temperatures (from 18 to 20 degrees), while tropical fish enjoy warmer temperatures (from 22 to 29 degrees).
This variation makes goldfish metabolise less protein and excrete more waste. Therefore, it can be hard for them to digest food products with high amounts of protein that are specially made for warm-water tropical fish. In many cases when you have picky fish, they could even refuse to eat due to unfamiliar smells or tastes.
Useful tips to feed your goldfish
Once you have chosen the right types of food, it is important to know how to feed them properly. Here are a few useful tips to help you with it.
1. Feed small amounts many times per day
Goldfish could overeat easily and die, so it is always better to underfeed rather than overfeed. Ideally, you should give your goldfish no more than what they could eat in around 1 or 2 minutes. Also, divide the diet into multiple times (no more than 3 times) per day. Use a good fish feeder to make the process easier to manage.
2. Observe your goldfish when feeding
When feeding your goldfish, pay close attention to ensure they don’t overeat. If they have taken too much food, their intestinal might get full of foods, which could trap gas in their swim bladder and make them float aimlessly. In these cases, remove all remaining food immediately and contact your vet.
3. Prepare each kind of food properly
Each kind of food has its own way to prepare. Thus, you need to be informed about these methods to prevent your goldfish from experiencing digestive upset.
- For flakes, you should pre-soak prevent your fish from swallowing air bubbles while eating, which would result in constipation and bladder issues. To pre-soak flakes, you just need to dip them into the water tank several times before fully putting them into the water. Ideally, you can feed your goldfish flakes 1 to 2 times per week.
- For pellets, make sure to pre-soak for around 10 minutes until they are double in size. Feed your goldfish with pellets 2 to 3 times per week.
- For veggies and fruits, make sure dice, cut, or peel. Boiling can also be a good way to soften veggies. In most cases, you could give these foods as occasional treats.
- For live foods like worms, you need to rinse them thoroughly with water to remove dirt and disease-causing organisms. After that, cut into smaller pieces before adding to the aquarium for your goldfish. Once per week is recommended.